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  March 2009
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Blue Critchfield . . . from page 1

Blue's thoughts are fleshed-out on the notebook pages in stream-of-consciousness paragraphs and lists, and, of course, drawings: elegant, yet grotesque cartoon-like characters depicted in bizarre positions and dreamlike states of awkwardness, misery, and, sometimes, hilarity. Such loosely developed images are juxtaposed with detailed sketches of real-life subjects, chosen for their particularly expressive faces and mannerisms. The first style is reflected in smaller-scale paintings, such as "Knobheads and Locksmiths," |1| born of Blue's musings on the nature of social structures. More realistic, deliberately rendered figures tend to show up on canvas in surreal scenarios, with varying degrees of subtlety and symbolism.

Blue's works range from the realistic portraits, "Refracted" |2| and "It Is Time,"|3| to abstract compositions that are sometimes sold "as is," but are more often used as elaborate canvas preparations that peek through representational pieces, as in the jarring, 4' X 7' "Ingestion by Susceptible Individuals Causes an Immune Reaction," |4| painted in layers and depicting a figure maniacally inserting a gas pump into his side; or the smaller, but no less perplexing and amusing portrait, "Rest in Peace of Mind," |5| featuring a male subject sitting in a grave, with a baby doll on his head, and…well, you just have to see them. Blue is always searching for new ways to create images that are "disjointed, unpredictable, and surprising to the viewer."

Blue comes by his imaginative nature honestly, having grown up in an especially creative environment. According to family legend, Samuel Blue Critchfield, the youngest of three children, was named through a democratic process. After some debate between his parents and siblings, "Cobalt Blue" was a second-place choice, which may explain the vivid hue he uses to impress fingerprints—in place of signatures—on his paintings today. This was a fitting beginning to what Blue calls a "magical" childhood, spent in a house that he credits as one of his greatest sources of inspiration, on a short list with the likes of Salvador Dali, Thomas Hart Benton, and Jimi Hendrix.

At the southwest corner of Utah's Heber Valley, Blue's father, Ken, built a geodesic dome on plot of farmland. Blue lived in the "dome home" through his teen years and speaks of the "elaborate hut" with trademark expressiveness—wide eyes, a broad smile, and animated gestures. Grinning nostalgically, he describes a house perpetually under construction, where, "Every once in a while, my whole leg would jut down into a vent hole and leave me with a scraped shin," and, "the stairs were very steep and more like a ladder than stairs. If you slipped on them, you were screwed."

Outside, the family harvested hay and raised sheep, pigs, and even honeybees for sustenance, but while the setting was bucolic, it wasn't idyllic or sheltered. The farm was designed to foster self-sufficiency while the family explored other interests, including art, music, and intellectual pursuits. For his part, Blue earned good grades, played the bass and guitar, and considered, among other things, a career in psychology. He was also affected by a strong sense of spirituality that permeated his experience within his family, and continues to impact his work and lifestyle today. He describes his mother as "fun, and an always supportive, unending, tireless source of love," and more "traditional" in her religious beliefs, while his father is "complicated" and practices a "personal form of faith," including meditation and visualization. Blue says his personal interest in a "higher power" is channeled through a desire to create art that evokes a sense of collective conscience, a recognition that humans are all "connected in a simple, obvious way."

His parents divorced when Blue was eight years old, after which Blue continued to live primarily with his father, who is also an artist. Blue recalls hanging out near the "massive" homemade desk where his dad drew politically charged cartoons for Sunstone Magazine, or worked on a comic series called "Zombie Rehab," a riff on complacency and government infringement on citizens' rights. This atmosphere instilled a sense of social responsibility, an "urgency" to contribute something meaningful to the world. When he left home, Blue says that he worried about committing to art because he feared he'd never make a living at it, but, in the end, decided it was worth the risk and entered the BFA painting and drawing program at the University of Utah.

In college, Blue says he "learned the most" from instructors Brad Slaugh, Paul Davis, and John Erickson. He enjoyed sculpture, but ultimately chose oil paint as his preferred medium, because it gave him the freedom to, "explore endless possibilities in a relatively immediate and direct fashion." After graduating in 2003, Blue found himself in "crisis," unsure of his abilities and choices. His personal life was chaotic, and he was painting in what he calls an "impressionistic" style that he found unsatisfying. He lacked direction and wrestled with "shyness," despite his outwardly sociable personality. Then, in 2005, Blue happened to wander into a gallery in downtown Salt Lake City, where he met Erica Houston, |6| a figurative artist who works in colored pencil. There was an instant attraction, and, as Blue puts it, his life was set on a course of "major expansion."

Blue and Erica were married exactly one year after they met. Things went quickly, partly because they were intensely drawn to each other, and partly because they were both fed up with bad relationships. They had a long, excited conversation that first night, which was followed with a second, no-holds-barred discussion of their respective life histories and intentions. To hear them tell it, the questions came out like verbal punches: "Are you on drugs?" "Are you crazy?" "Do you have any health issues?" "What about substance abuse problems?" "Do you have any babies?" In Erica's words, they were each "sick of all the madness," and were lucky to be looking for the same things, at the same time.

Both Blue and Erica work as part-time restaurant servers, to make ends meet and free up time for art. Their life is centered on their ArtSpace studio, where they work four days a week.|7| This home-away-from-home is filled with books, furniture for visitors, and background noise in the form of rock music (lately, they are partial to Muse and Kaiser Chiefs) or movies played on a small television.

They are attempting to live consciously, by encouraging sustainability through recycling, working with nontoxic materials, avoiding what they see as thoughtless, exploitive consumerism, and attempting to illustrate a sense of human interconnectedness through their art. Blue credits his stable relationship with Erica for freeing up the "brain space" to consider such lofty ideas, saying her presence in his life has "quadrupled" his support base, "at least!"

Their studio life is evidence that art is serious business for the Critchfields, but there's plenty of humor in the equation, too. Scattered between carts loaded with art supplies are toy rats, snakes, trucks, and monsters, along with some of Blue's more peculiar collections, like shattered mirrors,|8| dead bugs, and a hairy mass retrieved from a sink drain. And, then, there's "suffixationalism," a game of wordplay Blue started with a coworker, which comes up randomly as he speaks. To get an idea of how it works, consider Blue's remarks on the importance of meaning in art. He says he wants his art to project "something of value;" otherwise, he'd feel like he'd just be "splegiarizing," which, apparently, means creation without a sense of accountability. He goes on to say that, while splegiarizing can lead to spontaneous genius in one's work, the world has enough splegiarizers, and he feels a responsibility to do something more. During another freewheeling chat, Blue offers a rather barbed critique of a nationally recognized portrait painter, then follows it up with the self-effacing admission, "You know artists; we're a bunch of hard to please wank-a-saurs."

At age 30, |9| Blue feels he is entering a transition period in his life and work. He says that, after years of considering Dali, and the "surrealist" label, he recently looked up the word "surreal" and found a definition containing the phrase, "surreal complexities of the bureaucracy." That stuck with him, and has helped him articulate what he calls a sense of "everyday surreality" in his art. "What is truly surreal to me," says Blue, "is that feeling when you're on the freeway, or at the grocery store, and people are living their lives, going in different directions…and there's a sudden influx of thoughts; you wonder how the hell things got to where they are now? That, to me, is surreal. It causes me to feel my own mortality, to evaluate my own life and motivations." This recurring reaction to the absurdities of daily life is what's on his mind, and what he's attempting to convey in his art, at least for now.

To date, Blue has shown work at approximately 20 group exhibitions, and his third solo show will take place this month at Universe City gallery in Ogden. He will also have pieces in two upcoming Art Access exhibitions this year, and there is surely more to come, since, as he says without hesitation, this is what he'll be doing "for life." And, in the meantime, as his MySpace page so eloquently explains, Blue "fillangifies through the trenches of cerebral netheroids." Well said.

Paintings by Blue Critchfield will be on exhibit at Universe City, 1556 Washington Blvd, Ogden, UT, beginning this Friday, March 6, with an opening 5 - 9 pm. The exhibit is open Fridays, March 6th, 13th & 20th, 5-9pm; Saturdays, March 7th, 4th & 21st, 12-9pm or by appointment: (801) 458-8959 .Closing Party with Seraphim, March 20th at 8pm. To view more of Blue's work go to his Myspace page.

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Exhibition Review: Salt Lake
Computer–Simulated Photography
Ed Bateman at Phillips Gallery
by Geoff Wichert

Ed Bateman -- teacher, printmaker, and contributor to 15 Bytes -- once said, "Every object exists in two worlds. One is the tangible that we know through our senses, and another exists only in our minds." He might have added that we dress the things in our minds in sensual attributes borrowed from our recollections of tangible things. In other words, most of us dream (paint, sculpt, write) of things that already are.

In 3-D animation, a name erroneously suggesting that its products must move, a computer augments the mental space of imagination, becoming a less negligent assistant that has the ability to spray ink on paper—to print out—or to project as an image of pure light exactly what it conjures. Pixar and Ghibli are content to use this process to eliminate the redundant business of painting cells and that clumsy Victorian machine, the camera. They go straight from idea to digital projection, but the results still look like cartoons. Ed Bateman takes his process further, creating printed images possessing the optical authority of photographs, surpassing (in this single dimension, surely) the painted images of Dali, the Photo-Realists, and Utah painters like Ron Richmond and Chris Young.

Bateman’s prints, an amalgam of empirical and even scientific evidence with a poet’s tranquil reflection, have the strengths and the limits of Surrealist art. That is, they did until his most recent work, which includes a series of manipulated tintypes on view at the Phillips Gallery through March 13. Here genuine Victorian gentlemen, ladies, and children pose with their most prized possessions: their robot companions, servants, and pets. Bateman envisions perfectly how autonomous robots—still imaginary creatures a century after the original tintypes were made—would have looked if the Victorians had dreamed them, and inserts them seamlessly into the 19th century. It’s a small step for him, technically, but a huge one conceptually. In them, Ed Bateman accurately allegorizes and skewers the abandoned antique contraption most viewers assume him to be dependent on: the camera that can only reflect and never truly create.

Work by Ed Bateman

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