Doug Snow . . . from page 1
In this scenic, economically-strapped community at the edge of Capitol Reef National Park, Doug's neighbors treated him with what he said was "extraordinary kindness," yet he said that some perceived him as a retired and reclusive university professor who had outsider views about politics, religion, and land use.
Doug, however, claimed status as a local. When another painter, Wulf Barsch, came into the area several decades ago looking for property, he asked a rancher if there was any land for sale, introducing himself as an artist. The rancher looked at him, squinted his eyes, and said: "We already have an artist." That was Doug Snow.
Doug's mother, Loree Forsyth, was born in Loa (northwest of Teasdale). She spent her high school years with her uncles in Alberta, Canada, and later returned to Utah where she taught school in Richfield. At the end of World War I, she married Vivian Doug Snow, a young soldier. They moved to Salt Lake City and had two daughters and one son. The boy was named after his father and is known as V. Douglas Snow. Loree provided a culture-filled family life, motivated by the absence of art, music, and literature in her own growing up years. She did not introduce her children to Southern Utah, however, until the late 1940s.
"Perhaps to her surprise, we fell in love with the place as soon as we saw it," Doug recalled.
Doug was 18 when he took that first trip into red-rock country. It was an epiphanya change from Saul to Paul, as in the New Testament. Paul's illuminating, yet blinding light came from heaven; Doug's came from a cloudless desert sky. That land is "the source" of his inspiration, "the center" of his "strength," he said.
For over a half a century, Doug roamed the desert lands of Southern Utah, carrying his paints, brushes, sketchbooks, and camera. Such places, wrote Annie Dillard in Pilgrim at Tinker Creek, "are giant, restful, absorbent. You can heave your spirit into a mountain and the mountain will keep it."
Until his death on October 20, 2009, in a one-car roll over in Sevier County near Koosharem Reservoir en route from his home to Salt Lake City, he heaved his spirit into the mountains and the mesas around Capitol Reef, and they kept part of his spirit during each rendezvous, slowly absorbing him.
In return, they give him strength, vision, and fulfillment as long as he made an offeringa painting, a sketch, a journal entryprivate tokens that commemorated stunning encounters with the power and the grandeur of the natural world. And, like icons in a cathedral, they are light-filled, colored windows into spiritual domain. "You have to stop and let his paintings come into you," Dodworth explained.
For almost 40 years, Doug, a graduate of the prestigious Cranbrook Academy of Art in Michigan, divided his time between teaching (mainly at the University of Utah) and painting. He left teaching over ten years ago to roam the desert where he stored impressions for paintings, drawings, and etchingshundreds of them invested with the power of memory and imagination. For Doug, work was essential, but so were family life, friendships, music (especially opera), reading, and traveling.
Most of Doug's landscapes draw their power from a singular prominent reference in the sage and juniper-covered Awapa Plateau country at the base of Wayne County's Boulder Mountain: the stunning Cockscomb is a huge, rugged, serrated rock formation. Doug deliberately positioned his studio so he could see the Cockscomb every day.
"I could spend the rest of my life painting just the Cockscomb," he said. "It would be my Mont Sainte-Victoire”a landmark that French Impressionist Paul Cezanne repeatedly painted from his studio at the end of his life.
Doug's obsession with the Cockscomb was similar to Georgia O'Keeffe’s fixation on Mt. Pedernal in Abiquiu, N.M. She painted and sketched hundreds of works of the odd-shaped mesa; it became her self-identifying motif.
Laurie Lisle, the author of one of O'Keefe's first comprehensive biographies, wrote that "she painted its tilting top and its slanting slopes with red hills, flowers, the moon and stars, sometimes against a blue sky and sometimes under a gray sky. 'It's my private mountain,' she joked in old age. 'It belongs to me. God told me if I painted it enough, I could have it.'"
Dodworth said that Doug "has painted that mountain and its neighboring cliffs, gorges, and washes at all hours, in all seasons, over many years." Unlike O'Keeffe, who wanted to possess her Mt. Pedernal, Doug was possessed by his Cockscomb.
The Cockscomb motif holds the key to understanding Doug's expressionist vision, and is fractured or reflected in almost everything he painteda small nude, a still life, an animal, ancient Italian ruins, or Venetian waterways.
The landform also symbolizes Doug's identity as a partner with his ecological surroundings. In a 1973 studio notebook, he wrote that the Cockscomb is "a single strong idea with infinitely subtle variations." To him, it captured all of the wild and beautiful places in Southern Utah.
Although blatant abstraction, bold color, and complex texture are essential to his work, Doug never completely left the viewer stranded in the violent, atmospheric swirling color fields of his paintings. There is always a fragment of the familiar or a point of reference back to representational land and sky forms.
Doug imbued canvases, whether modest or mural-sized, with his painterly view of the Colorado Plateau from memories and unrestrained imagination. His perspective was often from a far or soaring above his subject, looking towards a place with violent skies, craggy canyons, and smooth, vertical rises and red-cliffed upwarps (one of author Edward Abbey's terms) that drop and bend and fold.
Atmosphere permeates Doug's paintings. Atmospheric thrusts, he said, "create zones of pressure where certain spaces get full and then release. I'm not really painting landscape, but the feelings derived from my memories of them."
People often said to him, "I know where you painted that." He wryly smiled and didn't contradict them. Most of his landscapes, however, are a "composite of thousands of different elements," that impose one layer over another until the tensions and juxtapositions build a complete work.
Why did Doug, a nationally-recognized artist, stay in Utah instead of moving to New York City, the Mecca of contemporary art? "It's like living as an artist during the Renaissance and connecting with Florence, but knowing I'm from Pisa," he said.
"I'm interested in squeezing out all that I can from wherever I am. Even though I may show in New York again, I'm not desperate for it. This place is it. I honestly think art in this country would be a more meaningful force if more artists took advantage of where they are planted."
Doug also said it's important to avoid the provincial. "I try to do that by measuring myself, my work, against people I most admire. And I think most of the people I admire do that. They want to be very good. Without such determination, a painter's work becomes generic and uninteresting."
"Every artist probably wonders if he or she made the right decision to dig in to a certain place. I'm always thinking of Tennessee Williams’ South, William Faulkner's Mississippi, John Steinbeck's West Coast. Their sense of place, without provincialism, is what gives their art its enduring power."
In a 1992 journal entry, Doug wrote: "To be in this country. To live in it much of your life; to understand its geology, its history, to see it in all its seasons, and still, ultimately, to know nothing that can summarize it. All you can do is have faith in the strength of the experience, paint, ‘not knowing,’ but with conviction in the significance of those feelings."
Exhibition Spotlight: Salt Lake
Creative, No Matter What the Process
Judith Romney Wolbach at Michael Berry Gallery
When ceramic artist Judith Romney Wolbach
experienced so much pain in the joints of her thumbs that she could no longer hand build her ceramic sculptures and pots, she did not stop creating, but switched to pen and ink drawings instead. She has recently been able to return to ceramics, but the temporary detour to a different medium has enriched her creative process and provided a body of work for a new exhibit opening at the Michael Berry Gallery on November 20.
Change is nothing new or scary for Wobach, who was a teacher, editor, and lawyer in her long career before taking up art at age 67. Art was not so much a new venture as a return to unfinished business. Her original intention upon entering college was to major in pre-med and fine arts and to become a medical illustrator. However, she chose a different path and ultimately achieved a graduate degree in anthropology. It seems that all these starts, turns, and detours led inevitably to where she is today and to the forms and patterns she chooses for her work.
After taking drawing and watercolor classes post-retirement, Wolbach discovered clay and, more specifically, the hand building process, which she finds the most satisfying. She begins with coils of clay to create shape and structure, then carves the details. Not unlike the laws and regulations she worked with as a lawyer, the clay has its own set of restrictions the properties that, with the appropriate processes and timing, allows it to hold a shape, become durable in use, and react in certain ways to glazing and firing techniques.
Wolbach imposes other restrictions on herself working mostly in black, rather than colored glazes, and working primarily with images of birds, humanoids or devils, and other Meso-American images recalled from her study of anthropology. For a long time her work included open forms, such as planters or vases, but more recently she has created more sculptural, closed forms. Wolbach bisque-fires her completed pieces in her own kiln, then she adds oxides and uses a friend's gas-fired kiln to finish the pieces.
The switch to pen and ink, while giving her thumb and wrist joints time to mend, was liberating in a sense. Not needing to worry how a piece would react when fired, Wolbach explored more complex forms of the bird-animal-devil theme. She again restricted her color to back and red ink and set her images on white paper without a background or context. Perhaps it's the medical illustrator from her long-ago dream that wants to concentrate on the details of each figure, allowing the viewer to examine and understand them rather than be distracted by an environmental background.
When, after about two years, Wolbach recently returned to clay, she had a whole new set of figures, presenting a new set of "engineering" challenges to translate them from pen and ink to clay. But it's the challenge that keeps her interested. "When I'm working on something in clay, I go to bed with it. I think of it during the night, about the problems to be solved with the piece. It occupies my mind more than any other work I do," says Wolbach. "It's the most absorbing and demands the most of me."