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    July 2008
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Limb Squad  2000, by Jen Harmon Allen,   Mixed Media Installation, 7 x 7 x 7 ft
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Feature: Artistic Temperaments
"Utah Artist" or Not?
by Jay Heuman

ARTISTIC TEMPERAMENTS (v2) in the May 2008 issue of 15 Bytes focused on Second Life as a virtual world in which artists make and sell digital artworks, and in which galleries and museums duplicate themselves for greater visibility and market share. So I am now turning the telescope around ... from the virtual to specific geographic identification. As this forum is about the aspirations of Utah-based artists, within this state and as a part of a larger art world, I have asked three artists to consider the following inter-related questions:

· Were you born and raised in Utah or elsewhere?

· Were you educated/trained as an artist in Utah or elsewhere?

· Taken together, how do you feel those circumstances – and your life in Utah now – affect your art-making and overall sense of aesthetics?

The following are responses by Jen Harmon Allen, Trent Alvey, and Paul Heath.

Jen Harmon Allen|0|
I was born and raised in the woods of Connecticut, where the eternal encroachment of trees opened me to the idea of mystery: a wood blanketed by a canopy of green could well have been an open field not 40 years before. A woodland stream might shelter the remains of a moss-covered water mill. To me it seemed that the unstoppable green made the past more precious while hiding it at the same time, and probably because of it. These stone foundations and stone-wall property lines were not memorialized by signs or even human-made paths. I’ve found that my own installation work often tries to memorialize the forgotten thing, though usually in the form of a dress or fragmented female figure. I’m learning that selfishly I liked it that no marker pointed the way to these secret places. In this way I felt myself a co-conspirator with the forests—they keep great mysteries alive.

In stark contrast, my family traveled across the country every summer to visit our Utah relatives. These yearly pilgrimages felt like coming out of the woods in more ways than one. Traveling westward, the country’s land opened up in a progression, like an opening flower. While the eastern woods trained my artist sensibilities, Utah has opened me artistically. My husband and I have chosen to live in Utah over the east because of this. I completed an MFA at BYU where my formal training drew heavily on art influences outside of Utah, not unlike my earlier training at Wellesley in Massachusetts. The literal openness of space and preponderance of truly wild areas uninhabited by humans has drawn me back (my family and I recently moved back to Utah after a two year stay in Connecticut), seeming to give psychological room for the growth of any idea, including mine. For this reason I do consider myself a Utah artist. I have chosen to be inspired by its geographical openness. Despite all this, I can’t escape the wonder of finding human traces in a seemingly deserted nature, a sensibility I picked up in the woods of Connecticut.

Trent Alvey|1|
I was born in Mt. Pleasant, Sanpete County, Utah. My father, a forest ranger; my mother, a homemaker, horse-breaker, a gardener and a peacemaker. We spent summers in the Mammouth Ranger Station at the Manti Lasal National Forest, and winters in Mt. Pleasant, in our beautiful turn-of-the-century home.

I was educated in Utah, gaining my college experience from Salt Lake Community College and my degrees in art and communications from Westminster College. My decision to do art came in Jr. High, inspired by David Chaplin. I realized that the process of doing art was therapeutic, that art could actually help you navigate the world and figure out your part in it. At Westminster, I studied with Don Doxey (primarily figure drawing) four days a week for almost four years, concurrently while working for the College as their graphic designer. I knew that working so consistently with Don was establishing the basics of drawing and painting, as well as being a great gift.

Yes, I consider myself a Utah artist. And yes, I consider myself an international artist. Art is a matter of channeling archetypal concepts through your personal experience in the world. Art (the verb – to do art) is to examine everything, to see places for yourself and then to ground truth in it. Doing art is processing what you encounter from birth to death.

My worldly encounters have been great in the last twenty years. I have had the opportunity to travel widely and get to know people and places well. My husband started Round River Conservation Studies some years ago. I am on the board of Round River. We have traveled in or set-up projects in Belize, Ecuador, Peru, Namibia, Botswana, British Columbia, and Australia. I have also traveled to Korea, Nepal, and China. Cities such as London, New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco have left me with a richer knowledge of the world: history, geography, landscapes (plants and animals), cultures and, of course, art. These travels have shown me the similarities we all have as people. Simple daily life is juxtaposed with cultural, historical, spiritual and scientific themes. Travel is the opportunity to integrate new experiences with childhood experiences, and to internalize them all into ... a life.

My most exciting art encounters recently have been in Hong Kong, where I saw the work of Wenda Gu, working in the medium of hair. Also, in Sydney, Australia, Zhang Huan’s Buddhist work inspired me. I just saw Zhang’s work again in Vancouver, BC. Another exhibit that inspired me was right here, the Salt Lake Art Center’s exhibit of Kazuo Kadanoga in 2002. Finally, local artists have demonstrated this worldly savvy in the June 20th premier of Present Tense: A Post-337 Project (through September 27th). It is truly world-class.

Paul Heath|2|
I was born and raised here in Salt Lake City and I have lived here all of my 46 years, with the fortune to occasionally travel abroad. My family home is located near downtown and the city, especially its neon signs, has played a prominent role in my art. Some of my earliest memories are of looking up from the backseat of my parent's car at the landmark signs like the Dee Burger Clown, The CarpetTowne Trio: Dan, Phil & Andy, The Wonder Bread Girl pedaling on her tricycle toward the oversized loaf of bread...among other favorites. There was always a sense of fun and optimism in these signs, and I believe the Downtown Rising folks could take a cue for how neon color resonated a sense of place and destination when trying to resurrect downtown as a shopping district.

I was also educated and trained as an artist in Utah. I attended Catholic schools and went to the University of Utah for college. I was influenced in high school by an art class called "Understanding Art". At the "U" my favorite instructors were Sam Wilson, Bob Kleinschmidt & Doug Snow. The U of U has a great art department which I believe gives a very good overview in all the fields of art. I credit the Foundation Program for giving me the background to pursue Public Art, which can involve multi-media, blending design with sculpture, which is a stretch beyond my emphasis in drawing and painting. I remember a visiting professor commenting that the "U" is a good "drawing" school - but because we primarily viewed modern paintings via slides, our work is rather flat, illustrative and not physical. Although this aesthetic holds true for me (as a product of the early 80's art school), I do not think the same could be said of the art of today. While recently traveling to London, I envied the art students who could go to museums for free and view original Master's work up-close, with none of the work behind glass.

And YES - I do consider myself a "Utah Artist," more specifically a Salt Lake City Artist whose work touches a collective nerve of nostalgia and what it is like growing up in Salt Lake.

Exhibition Review: Salt Lake City
"See how the beast grows wild now -"
Sean Caulfield & Akiko Taniguchi at SaltGrass Printmakers
by Geoff Wichert

The thing that captures the eye is a series of heavy black lines rising from a square base and curving, converging to a point. This cage stands to the right on a yellow-brown field extending beyond it, visible through its bars. On the left rises a meticulously observed Saguaro cactus, an apartment house for birds contrasting the freedom of those that dwell in its interior and the captivity of the cage. A shadow of the horizon falling across the bottom of the Saguaro creates a strong sense of daylight.|1| But is the sun rising or setting? Tentative lines scratched around the cactus delineate the shape of a house, while another line inside the cage shows the same gabled form. The implied equation of home and cage is complex, a metaphor for the necessary compromises that hold us back or, if skillfully made, advance our interests.

Skillful making is what Akiko Taniguchi and Sean Caulfield excel at, and their expertise in two arcane printmakers techniques -- chine-collé and mezzotint -- brought them to SaltGrass Printmakers for a residency, workshop, and an exhibit that will continue through July 31. Though the resonance between their independent works is strong, as befits a couple who live and work together, differences are worth noting. As evidenced by three different versions of "Cage," |0| Taniguchi, who moved from Tokyo to join Caulfield in Canada, is interested in our complementary struggles to both approach and avoid nature. In her images, an almost viscous atmosphere creates a feeling of three-dimensional space she does not render in perspective, but which is nevertheless specifically felt. Textures in that space set off and divide the visible into nearly subliminal zones, as if the categories in our minds could be made visible.

Taniguchi's use of the chine-collé technique is more immediately apparent than Caulfied's: the organic textures and shadows that give her vignettes their pervasive moods can be achieved with layers of separately printed tissue laminated on a solid base. Caulfield, on the other hand, meticulously models solid feeling but ambiguous objects, which are always like machines, or things they make, yet also marked by the characteristics of living things. He places these on flat surfaces that often bear traces identifying them as diagrams or scientific documents. The rigor with which he models these inventions, until they feel solid and with a sense of identity, creates an irreducible conflict between their massive presence and the shallow space they inhabit and disrupt. This tension, combined with uncertainty about their absolute natures, makes these apparitions fluctuating, unsettling enigmas. Not simply beautiful in their elegant forms and ornamental surfaces, they challenge us not to fear their alien character and unknown purpose. They recall Edmund Burke's notion of the sublime: a positive ugliness with a capacity to frighten, producing "the strongest emotion which the mind is capable of feeling." In short, more intense feelings than beauty can produce and that, when overcome by confronting the source, produce a delight greater than any conventional pleasure.

Burke's contemporaries, the Romantic poets, connected the sublime to vast emptiness experienced in the Alps or while contemplating the ocean. Caulfield compounds curiosity and the waking confrontation with nightmarish uncertainty and dread by meticulous use of mezzotint, a painstaking technique for producing intense black and infinite gradations of gray. Mezzotint allows images to emerge from inky darkness, or like black holes, to seem to consume all light from the page around them. Using mezzotint in combination with chine-collé allows Caulfield to make his images into tiny, intense gems neither page nor mind can contain.

Of course technique doesn't interest everyone, but these offer the print audience novel effects useful in the pursuit of visual experiences uniquely fitting to our time. Taniguchi's images suggest that nature, our connection to insight and the deeper reality underlying our life of illusions, may be fading beyond the reach of sensation. We are often careless, but it's not as though carelessness can put an end to the natural world. Rather, we are the ones in danger—of losing the source of our knowledge and the wisdom to know our place in the world.

If Taniguchi evokes our estrangement from nature -- the impact of living in cages, so to speak --Caulfield is interested in our grasp: in the gap between what we encounter and our ability to comprehend it. Where she focuses on effect, the cause concerns him. His creatures are more robust than hers precisely to make this point. In "The Approach," |2| he locates the error whereby we employ and exploit mysteries we fail to penetrate first. The scientific apparatus surrounding so many of his creatures suggests both a means of approach and its limits. "Field" vividly captures the familiar but rarely noted experience of coming upon an unfamiliar technology that we, despite our sophistication, find opaque.|4| Is it an instinct that makes us reflexively dismiss alien knowledge and methods as inferior to our own?

The trees, rocks, and water Taniguchi depicts commonly evoke spiritual associations. Caulfield is engaged in a suite of prints meant not to illustrate Dante's Divine Comedy, but to restore through images the deep emotional connection to its ideas that moved Dante in writing it. In them, space opens up into a luminous landscape. The artists' motives should not be confused, however, with the way formalized religion presumes the mysterious to be benign or transparent. Two crucial debates of our time come to mind: whether we can survive in a natural world we have decimated, and how we should behave among heterodox peoples and cultures. Akiko Taniguchi rephrases the first question: not can we? but should we? Sean Caulfield reminds us that the things we don't understand are not therefore any less real than we are, and that while we cannot just ignore what unsettles or frightens us, the object of confrontation is understanding: or as Burke would have it, delight.

And delight awaits, in the prints of these two young masters.

Prints by Sean Caulfield and Akiko Taniguci will be on view at Saltgrass Printmakers through July 31.

Cage I, by Akiko Taniguchi, Etching, Mezzotint, Drypoint, Chine Colle 15 x 12
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